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Flute Catalog - A

Detailed information for a subset of flutes in the Flutopedia Flute Catalog whose source begins with the letter A. The source is the crafting culture (if known), or else the flute maker's last name (if known), or else the name of the collection in which the flute resides.

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Flute Cultures, Makers, or Collections starting with A

Culture: Acoma (Haak'umeh)

Payne #22: Acoma (Haak'umeh) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Acoma (Haak'umeh)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 19252,3; Overall length: 73.343(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 28 7/8' in)4

Identification: Wolf item #22, photos #127-1331; Munn auction lot #10213; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $750 ($950.44 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $1,200 - $2,000, Starting bid $6005; Remarks: Tracheal covered flute, pipestone baffle, deer head design, 28” long.2

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 28 7/8’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Culture: Ancestral Puebloan

Broken Flute Cave A-13994-A Ancestral Puebloan Low Bb BFC Scale Rim-blown Flute

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Ancestral Puebloan1 — 500 CE – 1300 CE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Basketmaker III Era2 (500 CE – 750 CE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 620 CE – 670 CE2; Primary scale: Broken Flute Cave3 (steps: 2–1–1–3–2–2–1); Overall length: 73.5(±0.1) cm4

Disposition: In the collection of the Arizona State Museum in Tuscon, Arizona.5

For more information: Flutopedia: Anasazi Flutes from the Broken Flute Cave

Cited in: [Morris 1925]; [Morris-EA 1959]; [Morris-EA 1959a]; [Bakkegard 1960]; [Bakkegard 1961]; [Morris-EA 1980] Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona, page 134, Fig 87; [Lister-FC 1993]; [Gatliff 2003]

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 [Bakkegard 1961], page 184
3 Entry by Clint Goss on 1/19/2017 from [Bakkegard 1961], page 185, ¶ 4, based on the text: "When blown with all stops open, a' is produced. As the holes are stopped, starting at the blowing end, the notes g', f', d', c' sharp, c' and b flat are sounded."
4 [Bakkegard 1961], page 185
5 entered by Clint Goss on August 26, 2002

Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum. Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum. Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum.
Image from [Payne 1989] Image from [Morris-EA 1959] Image from [Trease 2007]

Broken Flute Cave A-13994-B Ancestral Puebloan Rim-blown Flute

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Ancestral Puebloan1 — 500 CE – 1300 CE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Basketmaker III Era2 (500 CE – 750 CE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 620 CE – 670 CE2

Disposition: In the collection of the Arizona State Museum in Tuscon, Arizona.3

For more information: Flutopedia: Anasazi Flutes from the Broken Flute Cave

Cited in: [Morris-EA 1959]; [Morris-EA 1959a]; [Bakkegard 1960]; [Bakkegard 1961]; [Morris-EA 1980] Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona, page 134, Fig 87; [Lister-FC 1993]; [Gatliff 2003]; [Morris 1925]

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 [Bakkegard 1961], page 184
3 entered by Clint Goss on August 26, 2002

Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum. Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum. Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum.
Image from [Payne 1989] Image from [Morris-EA 1959] Image from [Trease 2007]

Broken Flute Cave A-14450 Ancestral Puebloan Low Bb Rim-blown Flute

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Ancestral Puebloan1 — 500 CE – 1300 CE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Basketmaker III Era2 (500 CE – 750 CE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 620 CE – 670 CE2

Disposition: In the collection of the Arizona State Museum in Tuscon, Arizona.3

For more information: Flutopedia: Anasazi Flutes from the Broken Flute Cave

Cited in: [Morris 1925]; [Morris-EA 1959]; [Morris-EA 1959a]; [Bakkegard 1960]; [Bakkegard 1961]; [Morris-EA 1980] Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona, page 134, Fig 87; [Lister-FC 1993]; [Gatliff 2003]

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 [Bakkegard 1961], page 184
3 entered by Clint Goss on August 26, 2002

Image from [Payne 1989] Image from [Morris-EA 1959] Image from [Trease 2007]

Broken Flute Cave A-14451 Ancestral Puebloan Rim-blown Flute

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Ancestral Puebloan1 — 500 CE – 1300 CE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Basketmaker III Era2 (500 CE – 750 CE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 620 CE – 670 CE2

Disposition: In the collection of the Arizona State Museum in Tuscon, Arizona.3

For more information: Flutopedia: Anasazi Flutes from the Broken Flute Cave

Cited in: [Morris 1925]; [Morris-EA 1959]; [Morris-EA 1959a]; [Bakkegard 1960]; [Bakkegard 1961]; [Morris-EA 1980] Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona, page 134, Fig 87; [Lister-FC 1993]; [Gatliff 2003]

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 [Bakkegard 1961], page 184
3 entered by Clint Goss on August 26, 2002

Courtesy of the Arizona State Museum. Image from [Payne 1989] Image from [Morris-EA 1959]
Image from [Trease 2007]

NMAI 5/1422: Ancestral Puebloan ~825 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancestral Puebloan1 — 500 CE – 1300 CE «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 750 CE – 900 CE2; Overall length: 33(±1) cm3

Provenance: Collected or excavated, probably in 1892, by Charles McLoyd and Howard Graham; sold to John R. Koontz circa 1894; sold to Benjamin and Frederick Hyde in 1897; housed with Hyde Exploring expedition materials at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City until 1909 when it and other materials were removed by George Pepper, apparently at the behest of Benjamin Hyde; purchased by MAI from Benjamin Hyde in 1916 using funds donated by Thea (Mrs. George) Heye.2; Disposition: In the National Museum of the American Indian collection in Washington, DC, catalog #5/1422.4; Remarks: Place:Cave, Grand Gulch; San Juan County; Utah; USA. Techniques:Carved, drilled, pyroengraved2

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / The Grand Gulch Flute

1 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010 (original text: ‘probably Pueblo (Anasazi) (archaeological) (attributed)’)
2 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010
3 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010 (original text: ‘Dimensions: 33 x 2 cm’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 6, 2017

Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian

Culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)

Jiahu M78:1: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu2 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Atema 2014], page 32; [Zhang 1999]

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang 2004]

Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss. Image from [Zhang 1999], 3rd flute from the top. Image from [Zhang 1999], 3rd flute from the top.

Jiahu M94 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M121 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M233 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M253 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2004], pages 775

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M253:4: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Major Diatonic Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu / Phase 32 (6200 BCE – 5800 BCE); Primary scale: Diatonic Major3 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Atema 2014], page 32; [Zhang 2004], pages 775-776

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 [Zhang 2004], pages 775-776
3 [Zhang 2004], page 777

Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss. Image from [Zhang 1999], 4th flute from the top. Image from [Zhang 1999], 4th flute from the top.

Jiahu M263 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu / Phase 32 (6200 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2004], pages 775-776

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 [Zhang 2004], pages 775-776

Jiahu M270 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M273 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M282:20: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Jiahu M282:20 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu / Phase 22 (6600 BCE – 6200 BCE); Date crafted: 6030 BCE – 5750 BCE3; Primary scale: Jiahu M282:204 (steps: 2–2–3–2–1–2); Overall length: 23.60(±0.01) cm5

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Atema 2014], page 32; [Zhang 1999]

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang 2004], page 773
3 [Zhang-C 2013], page 52 (original text: ‘Radio carbon date: Sample BK95017, site M282 Jia (II5), material: human bone, 7035±70BP, 6030–5750 OxCal 3.0 cal BC (95% probability)’)
4 [Zhang 2004], page 777
5 [Zhang 2013], page 209

Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss. Image from [Zhang 1999], 5th flute from the top. Image from [Zhang 1999], 5th flute from the top.
Courtesy of the Henan Museum. Courtesy of the Henan Museum. Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss.

Jiahu M282:21: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Jiahu M282:21 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu / Phase 22 (6600 BCE – 6200 BCE); Date crafted: 6030 BCE – 5750 BCE3; Primary scale: Jiahu M282:214 (steps: 2–2–3–1–2–2)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Atema 2014], page 32; [Zhang 1999]

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang 2004], page 773
3 [Zhang-C 2013], page 52 (original text: ‘Radio carbon date: Sample BK95017, site M282 Jia (II5), material: human bone, 7035±70BP, 6030–5750 OxCal 3.0 cal BC (95% probability)’)
4 [Zhang 2004], page 777

Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss. Image from [Zhang 1999], bottom-most flute. Image from [Zhang 1999], bottom-most flute.
Image from Wikimedia Commons: Neolithic bone flute Courtesy of China Daily / Long Wei / Asia News Photo.

Jiahu M341:1: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Major Sixth Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu / Phase 12 (7000 BCE – 6600 BCE); Date crafted: About 7000 BCE2; 6060 BCE – 5750 BCE3; Primary scale: Major Sixth4 (steps: 4–3–2–3)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Atema 2014], page 32; [Zhang 1999]

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang 2004], page 771
3 [Zhang-C 2013], page 52 (original text: ‘Radio carbon date: Sample BK95013, site M341 (I1), material: human bone, 7050±80BP, 6060–5750 OxCal 3.0 cal BC (95% probability)’)
4 [Zhang 2004], page 777

Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss. Image from [Zhang 1999], 2nd flute from the top. Image from [Zhang 1999], 2nd flute from the top.

Jiahu M341:2: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Major Penta Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu / Phase 12 (7000 BCE – 6600 BCE); Date crafted: 6060 BCE – 5750 BCE3; About 7000 BCE2; Primary scale: Major Pentatonic4 (steps: 2–2–3–2–3) «Wikipedia»

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Atema 2014], page 32; [Zhang 1999]

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang 2004], page 771
3 [Zhang-C 2013], page 52 (original text: ‘Radio carbon date: Sample BK95013, site M341 (I1), material: human bone, 7050±80BP, 6060–5750 OxCal 3.0 cal BC (95% probability)’)
4 [Zhang 2004], page 777

Image from [Zhang 1999], cropped by Clint Goss. Image from [Zhang 1999], topmost flute. Image from [Zhang 1999], topmost flute.

Jiahu M344 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE); Date crafted: 7250 BCE – 6600 BCE2

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang-C 2013], page 52 (original text: ‘Radio carbon date: Sample BK95018, site M344 (II5), material: human bone, 8000±100BP, 7250–6600 OxCal 3.0 cal BC (95% probability)’)

Jiahu M363 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M387 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M411 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

Jiahu M521 A: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Era crafted: Jiahu2 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2013], page 210

1 [Zhang 2000]
2 [Zhang 2004]

Zhongshanzhai Ancient Jiahu (賈湖) Rim-blown Pitch Pipe

Crafting culture: Ancient Jiahu (賈湖)1 — About 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 6000 BCE – 5500 BCE2; Overall length: 15.6(±0.1) cm3

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2004], page 777

1 [Zhang 2004], page 777
2 [Zhang 2004], page 777 (original text: ‘The cultural stratum yielding the artefact was dated to the first half of the sixth millennium BC.’)
3 [Zhang 2004], page 777 (original text: ‘The remaining length is 15.6 cm, and the diameter measures from 1.1 to 1.3 cm’)

Image from [Zhang 2004], cropped/enhanced by Clint Goss.

Culture: Apache (N'De)

DCM 235: Apache (N'De) ~1922 Duct Whistle

Crafting culture: Apache (N'De)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before February 11, 19222; Date acquired: February 11, 19221; Overall length: 3.00(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Unidentified hard wood, stained brown, feather.1; Condition: An original leather thong and feather (noted by DCM) now missing. DCM ledger: "Apache Tribe."1

Provenance: From George R. Moore, Jamesville, Wisconsin, 11 Feb. 1922.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 235:.3; Remarks: A unique piece of high relief folk carving depicting an unidentified reptile (possibly a horned toad) apparently climbing a tree trunk or branch.1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

FM 17101: Apache (N'De) ~1894 Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Apache (N'De)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1894 or before2; Accession date: 18941

Identification: Accession number: 112, IRN: 10740181; Provenance: E. E. Ayer (Gift): Field Museum of Natural History, Arizona or New Mexico1; Disposition: In the Field Museum Anthropology Department collection, catalog #17101.3

1 Field Museum catalog record as of April 13, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.
Image courtesy of The Field Museum

NMNH E125582: Apache (N'De) ~1888 Flute

Crafting culture: Apache (N'De)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before January 15, 18883; Accession date: January 15, 18881; Overall length: 62.230(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 24 1/2' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0200301; Provenance: Not Given, United States, North America1; Personnel: Collector and Donor: Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Brown1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E125582:.5

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 24 1/2’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

Culture: Arapaho (Hinono'eino)

AMNH 50.1 / 1351: Arapaho (Hinono'eino) ~1910 Native American Whistle

Crafting culture: Arapaho (Hinono'eino)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1910 or before2; Date acquired: 19101; Overall length: 36.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, HIDE, BEADS, SINEW1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 2061; Provenance: USA1; Personnel: Donor: Erastus T. Tefft (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 1351.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:36.5 D:3 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.1 / 1376: Arapaho (Hinono'eino) ~1910 Native American Whistle

Crafting culture: Arapaho (Hinono'eino)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1910 or before2; Date acquired: 19101; Overall length: 43.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, HIDE, QUILLS, SINEW, PIGMENT1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 2051; Provenance: USA1; Personnel: Donor: Erastus T. Tefft (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 1376.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:43 D:2 (WITH ORNAMENT) L:43 W:6 H:3 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

DCM 687: Arapaho (Hinono'eino) ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Arapaho (Hinono'eino)1 «Wikipedia»; Arapaho (Hinono'eino)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 10, 19263; Date acquired: December 10, 19262; Overall length: 68.898(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 27 1/8' in)4; 68.90(±0.05) cm2; Materials: Cedar, stained brown, wood cap, feathers, lead flue plate.2; Markings: "925" Etched on tube body2

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 10 Dec. 1926.2; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 687:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Arapahoe Indian." The final 8.5 centimeters of the tube is finished rectangularly. Two of the 4 feathers are attached through 2 adjacent vent holes.2

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 [Wolf 2002]
2 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 27 1/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

PBH 985-27-10/59327: Arapaho (Hinono'eino) 0 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Arapaho (Hinono'eino)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 19th century1; Overall length: 47.0(±0.5) cm2

Provenance: Donor: William H. Claflin, Jr. (1985), Collector: William H. Claflin, Jr. (1930), Collector: Mr. William R. Morris (1878-1893 - 1930)1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #985-27-10/59327.3; Remarks: Inventory Description: Flute, wood, wrapped with twine, leather, rectangular wooden piece tied on top. Object Description: Arapaho flute. Made from a piece of wood, split, hollowed out and put back together again w/ pitch and then fastened w/ leather thongs and string in 9 places. Six holes. Carved and decorated rectangular piece of wood over stop which abuts a piece of metal. 47.0x2.8 cm.1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 47 x 2.8 x 4.4 cm (18 1/2 x 1 1/8 x 1 3/4 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

PBH 985-27-10/59328: Arapaho (Hinono'eino) 0 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Arapaho (Hinono'eino)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 19th century1; Overall length: 46.9(±0.1) cm2

Provenance: Donor: William H. Claflin, Jr. (1985), Collector: William H. Claflin, Jr. (1930), Collector: Mr. William R. Morris (1878-1893 - 1930)1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #985-27-10/59328.3; Remarks: Inventory Description: Flute, wood with leather ties, small wooden rectangle tied to top with leather. Object Description: Arapaho flute. Piece of wood split, hollowed out and put back together. Glued w/ pitch and fastened w/ strips of leather. 6 holes and carved piece of wood over stop tied down w/ strips of leather which abuts large piece of metal. Leather strips tied on underside. 46.9x42.0 cm.1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 46.9 x 42 x 7.7 cm (18 7/16 x 16 9/16 x 3 1/16 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

Culture: Arikara

NMNH E8429: Arikara ~1869 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Arikara1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before February 18, 18693; Accession date: February 18, 18691; Overall length: 44.768(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 17 5/8' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 4161401; Provenance: Fort Berthold (not certain) / Fort Stevenson (not certain), Mclean County (not certain), Dakota Territory (not certain) / North Dakota (not certain), United States, North America1; Personnel: Collectors: Dr. U S Army Charles C. Gray and Dr. Washington Matthews; Donors: Gen. Pleasant Porter and Army Medical Museum1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E8429:.5; Remarks: FROM CARD: "A TUBE OF HARD WOOD. THE SOUND HOLE IS 3/32 OF AN INCH WIDE AND ONE IN. RECTANGULAR, ABOUT MIDWAY OF THE SOUND HOLE THE BASE IS FILLED WITH A NARROW PLUG OF PITCH. THE UPPER PART OF SOUND HOLE IS COVERED WITH A SPLIT QUILL LASHED WITH SINEWS, THE LOWER EDGE OF QUILL, ABOUT EVEN WITH THE LOWER FACE OF THE PITCH PLUG AND LEAVING AN AIR CHANNEL BETWEEN THE QUILL COVER AND PLUG. ANOTHER SPLIT QUILL COVER THE LOWER PART OF SOUND SHOLE WITH A SPACE OF A QUARTER OF AN INCH BETWEEN THE QUILLS. THIS QUILL FORMS THE SHARP EDGE OR LIP OF THE SOUND HOLE. FIVE FINGER HOLES ARE MADE IN THE TUBE BELOW THE SOUND HOLE, ONE OF WHICH IS FILLED WITH PITCH. A STUFFED RING OF LEATHER IS PLACED ON THE TUBE WHICH FITS IT CLOSELY AT ONE PLACE. THIS RING IS CONSTRICTED BY A STRING, BY ADJUSTING THIS CONSTRICTED PORTION OVER THE SOUND HOLE, A SLIGHT CHANGE IN THE PITCH OF THE SOUND CAN BE MADE. THIS RING ."CONT. SEE CARD. PROVENIENCE NOTE: PROVENIENCE IS SOMEWHAT UNCERTAIN, BUT IS LIKELY IN THE AREA OF FORT STEVENSON/FORT BERTHOLD, AS THE LEDGER LISTS AS "MADE BY REE INDIANS, USED BY BERTHOLD INDIANS" AND THE TWO COLLECTORS, DRS. GRAY AND MATTHEWS, WERE POSTED TO THIS AREA IN THE LATE 1860'S. THE TWO FORTS WERE ONLY A FEW MILES APART. DR. MATTHEWS WAS POSTED FROM 1865-7 FORT UNION AND FORT BERTHOLD, DAKOTA TERR.. COLLECTOR DR. GRAY WAS POSTED 1866-7 FORT RANDALL, DAKOTA TERRITORY; 1867 ALSO FORT BUFORD, DAKOTA TERRITORY; 1867-1868 FORT STEVENSON, DAKOTA TERRITORY.1

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 17 5/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

Culture: Armenian (Հայաստան)

Armenian (Հայաստան) Duduk

Fingering sequence: T1234–12341; Crafting culture: Armenian (Հայաստան)1; Date crafted: July 3, 2005 or before2; Date acquired: July 3, 20051

Provenance: Gift of Terry and Vasken Kalayjian to Clint Goss on July 3, 2005.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Culture: Assiniboine (Hohe Nakota)

CMH V-C-269: Assiniboine (Hohe Nakota) 0 Duct Flute

Crafting culture: Assiniboine (Hohe Nakota)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 20th century1; Overall length: 28.5(±0.1) cm2

1 Canadian Museum of History catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Canadian Museum of History catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 28.5 cm, Outside Diameter 1.4 cm’)

Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum. Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum.

Culture: Atsugewi

AMNH 50 / 4145: Atsugewi ~1903 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Atsugewi1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1903 or before2; Date acquired: 19033; Overall length: 44.0(±0.5) cm4; Materials: Wood3

Identification: AMNH Field No. 663; Provenance: CA, SHASTA COUNTY, HAT CREEK, California, USA3; Personnel: Donor: Roland B. Dixon (Purchase)3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 4145.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Achomawi, Atsugewi’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:44 W:1.5 H:1.5 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

Maker: Amati

Amati High C Major Diatonic Recorder

Fundamental pitch (design): C51; Fingering sequence: T123–12341; Instrument maker: Amati1; Date crafted: March 30, 2002 or before2; Date acquired: March 30, 20021; Primary scale: Diatonic Major1 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person at Dalibor in the Golden Lane, Prague Castle, Czech Republic on March 30, 2002.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3; Remarks: From http://www.recorderhomepage.net/history/innovations-in-recorder-design/: In the early 1970’s, Gyula Foky-Gruber in Vienna developed the ‘Silberton’, an all-metal soprano recorder made entirely of nickel-plated brass, and an alto made of rosewood with a metal head-joint and two keys for the lowermost finger hole. Both featured a system of adjustable voicing achieved by altering the position of the block and the height of the windway. Both were of cylindrical bore. Later, the German firm Amati produced a look-alike ‘Silbertonflöte’. Similarly, Hopf continue to produce metal instruments which are offered as ‘Gruber System’ recorders in sopranino, soprano, and alto models. Today, Foky-Gruber is making them again by himself as signed handmade recorders in small series, also in pure silver.1

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Angel

Angel Fife

Fingering sequence: T123–12341; Instrument maker: Angel1; Date crafted: February 2004 or before2; Date acquired: February 20041

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person at a music shop in St. Petersburg in February 2004.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Anubodh

Anubodh Mid-range F Major Diatonic Bansuri

Fundamental pitch (design): F41; Fingering sequence: 123–123Leg2; Instrument maker: Anubodh2 «Web Site»; Date crafted: February 24, 2007 or before3; Date acquired: February 24, 20072; Primary scale: Diatonic Major2 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Anubodh, at the Potomac Flute Festival on February 24, 2007.2; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss, provisional - this entry needs to be checked!
2 entered by Clint Goss
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Anubodh Mid-range G Major Diatonic Bansuri

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: 123–1234Leg2; Instrument maker: Anubodh2 «Web Site»; Date crafted: February 24, 2007 or before3; Date acquired: February 24, 20072; Primary scale: Diatonic Major2 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Anubodh, at the Potomac Flute Festival on February 24, 2007.2; Disposition: Gifted by Clint Goss to Jeff Greenburg.4

1 entered by Clint Goss, provisional - this entry needs to be checked!
2 entered by Clint Goss
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 entered by Clint Goss on 2009

Set: American Museum of Natural History

AMNH 1 / 2634: ~1880 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: (Unspecified)1; Date crafted: 1869 – 1890 or before2; Date acquired: 1869 – 18901; Overall length: 46.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, METAL (LEAD ?)1

Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #1 / 2634.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:46.5 D:2.3 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History. Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.1 / 2196: ~1910 Wrapped-Block Whistle

Crafting culture: (Unspecified)1; Date crafted: 1910 or before2; Date acquired: 19101; Overall length: 49.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD (REED ?), THREAD1

Personnel: Donor: Erastus T. Tefft (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 2196.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:49 D:2.4 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.2 / 4513: ~1940 Wrapped-Block Whistle

Crafting culture: (Unspecified)1; Date crafted: 1940 or before2; Date acquired: 19401; Overall length: 65.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, PIGMENT, SINEW1

Personnel: Donor: Estate of Decost Smith (Gift)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 4513.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:65.5 D:2.3 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH "Shaman": Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Unknown1

Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #"Shaman".2; Remarks: Display case notes: "Flageolet, made by a shaman skilled in preparing love medicine, which gave a young man power over women. It was ineffective unless the accompanying magic love music was also purchased from the shaman."3

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017
3 entered by Clint Goss on 4/4/2017, Text from the photo of the display case

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.

 
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To cite this page on Wikipedia: <ref name="Goss_2017_fcat_a"> {{cite web |last=Goss |first=Clint |title= Flute Catalog for the Native American Flute - A |url=http://www.Flutopedia.com/fcat_a.htm |date=15 April 2017 |website=Flutopedia |access-date=<YOUR RETRIEVAL DATE> }}</ref>