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Flute Catalog - P

Detailed information for a subset of flutes in the Flutopedia Flute Catalog whose source begins with the letter P. The source is the crafting culture (if known), or else the flute maker's last name (if known), or else the name of the collection in which the flute resides.

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Flute Cultures, Makers, or Collections starting with P

Culture: Paiute

AMNH 50.2 / 3647: Paiute ~1934 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Paiute1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1934 or before2; Date acquired: 19343; Overall length: 30.3(±0.5) cm4; Materials: WOOD, PIGMENT3

Identification: AMNH Field No. A383; Provenance: CA, LASSEN COUNTY, HONEY LAKE, California, USA3; Personnel: Donor: Willard Z. Park3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 3647.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Paviotso, Honey Lake Band’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘D:1.6 L:30.3 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

PBH 76-20-10/9418: Paiute ~1875 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Paiute1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 18751; Overall length: 43.0(±0.5) cm2

Provenance: Collector: Dr. Edward Palmer (01/01/1875), Expedition: Peabody Museum Expedition, Geography/Provenience: North America/United States/Utah, Geo-Locale: Utah, South1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #76-20-10/9418.3; Remarks: Inventory Description: Flute, carved stalk or wood, three finger-holes.1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 43 x 2.2 x 2 cm (16 15/16 x 7/8 x 13/16 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

Culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)

AMNH 50.1 / 4673: Papago (Tohono O'odham) ~1911 Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1911 or before2; Date acquired: 19111; Overall length: 54.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE, CLOTH, PIGMENT1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 2371; Provenance: AZ?, AUCKAM, Southwest, USA?1; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Carl Lumholtz (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 4673.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:54 D:3 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.1 / 4674: Papago (Tohono O'odham) ~1911 Open-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1911 or before2; Date acquired: 19111; Overall length: 47.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE, PIGMENT?1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 2381; Provenance: AZ?, AUCKAM, Southwest, USA?1; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Carl Lumholtz (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 4674.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:47.5 D:2.8 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

FM 63318: Papago (Tohono O'odham) ~1901 Rim-blown Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1901 or before2; Accession date: 19011

Identification: Accession number: 749, IRN: 12938111; Provenance: Ethnological Expedition to Arizona and California - Pima and Yuma, S. C. Simms : The Field Museum, Arizona1; Disposition: In the Field Museum Anthropology Department collection, catalog #63318.3

1 Field Museum catalog record as of April 13, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss. Image courtesy of The Field Museum
Image courtesy of The Field Museum

FM 63538: Papago (Tohono O'odham) ~1901 Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1901 or before2; Accession date: 19011

Identification: Accession number: 749, IRN: 12939881; Provenance: Ethnological Expedition to Arizona and California - Pima and Yuma, S. C. Simms : The Field Museum, Arizona1; Disposition: In the Field Museum Anthropology Department collection, catalog #63538.3

1 Field Museum catalog record as of April 13, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the accession date.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Field Museum Image by David Dicks Image by David Dicks

MFA 17.2228: Papago (Tohono O'odham) 19th century Duct Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 19th century2; Accession date: October 5, 19162; Overall length: 56.9(±0.1) cm3

Provenance: Francis W. Galpin (1858-1945), Hatfield Regis, England; 1916, sold by Francis W. Galpin to William Lindsey (1858-1922), Boston, Massachusetts; 1916, gift of William Lindsey, in memory of his daughter, Leslie Lindsey Mason, to the MFA. (Accession Date: October 5, 1916), Object Place: Arizona, United States2; Disposition: In the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, cataloged as MFA 17.2228.4; Remarks: Cylindrical body constructed of three sections of cane connected by crudely fitted socket-and-tenon joints. Proximal end of uppermost joint cut at steep angle. Bands of cotton (?) string wrapped in six places (missing or detached in four places). U-shaped window with widely chamfered lower edge. Duct block missing, but apparently held in place by pin (length 25 mm) carved from cane, protruding through wall of uppermost section about 15 mm from proximal end. Two fingerholes and one thumb hole, with chamfered edges, near distal end of lowest section.2

1 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Probably Papago people’)
2 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017
3 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 56.9 cm, diameter 2.7 cm (Length 22 3/8 in., diameter 1 1/16 in.)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts

MFA 17.2229: Papago (Tohono O'odham) 19th century Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 19th century2; Accession date: October 5, 19162; Overall length: 63.5(±0.1) cm3; Markings: In ink on side of headjoint: 107.535 / Tucson Arizona / Coll - E.W. Nelson2

Provenance: Francis W. Galpin (1858-1945), Hatfield Regis, England; 1916, sold by Francis W. Galpin to William Lindsey (1858-1922), Boston, Massachusetts; 1916, gift of William Lindsey, in memory of his daughter, Leslie Lindsey Mason, to the MFA. (Accession Date: October 5, 1916), Object Place: Arizona, United States2; Disposition: In the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, cataloged as MFA 17.2229.4; Remarks: Cylindrical body of cane with three nodes. Central node intact with rectangular window cut over top. Missing tied-on bandage to form duct. Three equally-spaced fingerholes in distal half.2

1 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Probably Tohono O'odham people’)
2 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017
3 Museum of Fine Arts catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 63.5 cm, diameter 2.3 cm (Length 25 in., diameter 7/8 in.)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Museum of Fine Arts

Payne #65: Papago (Tohono O'odham) ~1885 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Papago (Tohono O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1880's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #11112; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $1,700 ($2,154.33 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $1,500 - $2,500, Starting bid $7503; Remarks: Made of cane, incised and painted design, believed to be the oldest Papago flute in existence, 29.5” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff.
Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff.
Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff.
Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff. Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Culture: Pawnee

AMNH 50.2 / 1827: Pawnee ~1920 Duct Whistle

Crafting culture: Pawnee1; Date crafted: 1920 or before2; Date acquired: 19201; Overall length: 43.3(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD1

Provenance: OK, Plains, USA1; Personnel: Donor: James R. Murie (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 1827.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:43.3 D:2.5 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.2 / 1828: Pawnee ~1920 Duct Whistle

Crafting culture: Pawnee1; Date crafted: 1920 or before2; Date acquired: 19201; Overall length: 43.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD1

Provenance: OK, Plains, USA1; Personnel: Donor: James R. Murie (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 1828.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:43.5 D:2.6 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

DCM 755: Pawnee ~1927 Bird Flute

Crafting culture: Pawnee1; Date crafted: Before October 14, 19272; Date acquired: October 14, 19271; Overall length: 19.40(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Unidentified bone (DCM ledger: "Turkey or eagle"), with loop of skin with brown fur attached, likely meant to be a neck strap.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 14 Oct. 1927.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 755:.3; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Pawnee."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

NMNH E73325: Pawnee ~1832 Native American Flute (George Catlin, collector)

Crafting culture: Pawnee1,2; Date crafted: 1832 or before3; Accession date: October 21, 18811; Overall length: 54.293(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 21 3/8' in)4

Identification: NMNH Accession No. 0106381; Provenance: Not Given, Platte River, Nebraska, United States, North America1; Personnel: Collector: George Catlin; Donor: Mrs. Joseph Harrison Jr.1; Disposition: In the National Museum of Natural History collection of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., catalog #E73325:.5; Remarks: From card: "Loaned to Civil Hist. 12 April 1966. Rtn'd." Note re photos: 2002-458 is a CT view of top of flute. 2002-12345 is CS/CT detail shot of end and some finger holes. 2002-12346 is CS/CT detail shot of end. 2001-254 is BW and 2001-248 is CT and 2001-260 is CS view of top of flute. 2001-255 is BW and 2001-249 is CT and 2001-261 is CS view of bottom of flute. 2001-256 is BW and 2001-250 is CT and 2001-262 is CS view of right side of flute. 2001-257 is BW and 2001-251 is CT and 2001-263 is CS view of left side of flute. 2001-258 is BW and 2001-252 is CT and 2001-264 is CS of detail shot showing flute mouth hole. 2001-259 is BW and 2001-253 is CT and 2001-265 is CS of detail shot showing flute end hole. 2001-266 through 2001-275 are color slide shots of various details of flute (including 2001-266 some finger holes; 2001-270 mouth end; 2001-271, 2, 3 - views of stop.)1

For more information: Smithsonian Institution / Collections; Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / The George Catlin Pawnee Flute

Cited in: [Catlin 1857]

1 Smithsonian Institution and the National Museum of Natural History catalog record as of February 26, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 [Catlin 1857]
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 21 3/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 26, 2017

Smithsonian image enhanced by Clint Goss. Smithsonian image enhanced by Clint Goss. Smithsonian image enhanced by Clint Goss.
Smithsonian image enhanced by Clint Goss. From [Catlin 1857] Courtesy of the Denver library Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.
Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Image courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

Payne #34: Pawnee ~1935 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Pawnee1,2; Date crafted: About 1930's2,3; Date acquired: 19651; Overall length: 45.720(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 18' in)4

Identification: Wolf item #34, photos #211-2161; Munn auction lot #6193; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $170 ($215.43 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $800 - $1,400, Starting bid $4005; Remarks: Made of spacer cane, feather drops, bought at Buffalo Ranch, Vinita OK, 18” long.2

1 [Wolf 2003]
2 [Gatliff 2005]
3 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 18’)
5 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

TL-WSU #4: Pawnee 1860 Mid-range F Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Pawnee1; Date crafted: 18602; Overall length: 51.8(±0.1) cm (⇇ 518 mm)3

Provenance: From the collection of Thurlow Lieurance. Restored to playing condition by Dr. Richard W. Payne in 1989.3; Disposition: In the Thurlow Lieruance collection at Wichita State University.4; In the collection of the Wichita State University since May 17, 1990.5; Remarks: Rough hewn with finger holes hand cut by knife.3

1 [Hensley 2002], page 12 (original text: ‘Pawnee? Lieurance considered it Pawnee May be Northern Ute.’)
2 [Hensley 2002], page 12 (original text: ‘19th century, early labels says 1860.’)
3 [Hensley 2002], page 12
4 entered by Clint Goss on 2002
5 [Hensley 2002], page 3

Culture: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni)

AMNH 50 / 5385: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni) ~1904 Bird Call

Crafting culture: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1904 or before2; Date acquired: 19043; Materials: WOOD, HIDE, FEATHER3

Identification: AMNH Field No. 123; Provenance: USA3; Personnel: Donors: Dr. Clark Wissler and James R. Walker3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 5385.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Blackfoot, Piegn’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50 / 5449G: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni) ~1904 Wrapped-Block Whistle

Crafting culture: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1904 or before2; Date acquired: 19043; Overall length: 42.0(±0.5) cm4; Materials: CANE, FEATHERS, SINEW, PIGMENT, STRING3

Identification: AMNH Field No. 213; Personnel: Donors: Dr. Clark Wissler and James R. Walker3; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50 / 5449G.5

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

Cited in: [Wissler 1912], page 139

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘Blackfoot, Piegn’)
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
4 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:42 W:12 H:5 (WHISTLE ONLY) L:42 D:2 (in CM)’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

NMAI 14/3392: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni) ~1895 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1890 – 19002; Overall length: 59.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: Wood, lead, cotton cord/cordage2

Provenance: Collection history unknown; formerly in the collection of Dr. Walter A. Stevens; acquired by MAI in 1925.2; Disposition: In the National Museum of the American Indian collection in Washington, DC, catalog #14/3392.4; Remarks: Place: Montana; USA. Techniques: Carved, wrapped, tied.2

1 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010 (original text: ‘possibly Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan) (attributed)’)
2 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010
3 National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution catalog record as of August 28, 2010 (original text: ‘Dimensions: 59.50 x 3.50 x 7.00 cm’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 6, 2017

Photograph by Katherine Fogden. Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian Image courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian

Vernon 402: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni) ~1888 Native American Flute

Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Crafting culture: Piegan Blackfeet (Piikáni)2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1875 – 19003; Overall length: 34.5(±0.5) cm4

Provenance: Received from the Jackson Hole Preserve on April 23, 1968, and cataloged by Joel H. Bernstein in August, September, or December of 1973.5; Disposition: In the David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection at the Colter Bay Indian Arts Museum at Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. In November 2011, it was relocated to the Western Archaeological and Conservation Center in Tuscon, Arizona.6

For more information: Flutopedia: Native American Flutes in the David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011 (original text: ‘Blackfeet [?]’)
3 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011 (original text: ‘ca. 1875—1900’)
4 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011 (original text: ‘34.5 cm × 5 cm’)
5 David T. Vernon Indian Arts Collection catalog record as of May 16, 2011
6 entered by Clint Goss on May 16, 2011

Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.
Image by Clint Goss. Image by Clint Goss.

Culture: Pilager

DCM 238: Pilager ~1922 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Ojibwe1 «Wikipedia»; Pilager2; Date crafted: Before February 22, 19223; Date acquired: February 22, 19222; Overall length: 40.90(±0.05) cm2; 40.958(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 16 1/8' in)4; Materials: Unidentified wood, flue cover of soapstone, pipestone(?).2

Provenance: From George R. Moore, Jamesville, Wisconsin, 22 Feb. 1922.2; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 238:.5; Remarks: The flue cover is, for this plain instrument, unusually ornate, carved, possibly to resemble a rattlesnake's rattle, integral mouthpipe. DCM ledger: "Pilager Tribe of Minnesota."2

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 [Wolf 2002]
2 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 16 1/8’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Culture: Pima (Akimel O'odham)

AMNH 50.1 / 2117: Pima (Akimel O'odham) ~1910 Open-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Pima (Akimel O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1910 or before2; Date acquired: 19101; Overall length: 47.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: REED1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 3091; Personnel: Donor: Erastus T. Tefft (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 2117.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘D:2 L:47 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.1 / 4764: Pima (Akimel O'odham) ~1911 Wrapped-Block Flute

Crafting culture: Pima (Akimel O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1911 or before2; Date acquired: 19111; Overall length: 48.6(±0.5) cm3; Materials: REED, CLOTH1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 3411; Provenance: AZ, PINAL COUNTY, COHATK, Southwest, USA1; Personnel: Donor: Dr. Carl Lumholtz (Purchase)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 4764.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘D:2.9 L:48.6 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

Payne #59: Pima (Akimel O'odham) ~1975 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Pima (Akimel O'odham)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1970's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #8132; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $150 ($190.09 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $200 - $300, Starting bid $1003; Remarks: Made of cane, burnt design, wrapped in red cord, 17” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Culture: Plains

AMNH 50.2 / 2568: Plains ~1924 Native American Whistle

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1924 or before2; Date acquired: 19241; Overall length: 75.0(±0.5) cm3; Materials: CANE, HIDE, BEADS, THREAD, STRING, PIGMENT, SINEW ?1

Personnel: Donor: Col. J. M. Andrews (Gift)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 2568.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:75 W:7 D:2.5 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

AMNH 50.2 / 5091: Plains ~1946 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1946 or before2; Date acquired: 19461; Overall length: 44.5(±0.5) cm3; Materials: WOOD, HIDE, METAL, PITCH, CORD1

Identification: AMNH Field No. 531; Provenance: WA?, WASHINGTON TERRITORY?, Plateau, USA?1; Personnel: Donors: Marvin J. Wright and Mrs. J. P. Robinson (Gift)1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.2 / 5091.4

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017 (original text: ‘L:44.5 W:6 H:3.5 (in CM)’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.

CMH V-X-422: Plains ~2917 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before June 24, 29171; Overall length: 34.5(±0.1) cm2

1 Canadian Museum of History catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Canadian Museum of History catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 34.5 cm, Width 2.0 cm, Outside Diameter 2.3 cm’)

Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum. Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum.

CMH V-X-476: Plains ~1864 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1860 – 18691; Overall length: 64.6(±0.1) cm2

1 Canadian Museum of History catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Canadian Museum of History catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Length 64.6 cm, Outside Diameter 10.3 cm’)

Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum. Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum. Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum.
Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum. Image courtesy of the Canadian History Museum.

Payne #41: Scott Loomis Plains ~1985 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Scott Loomis1,2 «Web Site»; Date crafted: About 1980's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #114A2; Auction history: October 21, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $300 ($380.18 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $250 - $350, Starting bid $1253; Remarks: The larger flute is carved redwood with eagle baffle block and made by Scott Loomis. Both flutes include storage cases. Length of flutes: 21” & 38”.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 21, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 21, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #42: Plains ~1985 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1980's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #114B2; Auction history: October 21, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $300 ($380.18 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $250 - $350, Starting bid $1253; Remarks: The larger flute is carved redwood with eagle baffle block and made by Scott Loomis. Both flutes include storage cases. Length of flutes: 21” & 38”.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 21, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 21, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #51: Plains ~1945 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1940's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #4342; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $140 ($177.42 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $500 - $900, Starting bid $2503; Remarks: Carved and painted design, tin can baffle, 22” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #52: Plains ~1965 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1960's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #6832; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $70 ($88.71 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $300 - $500, Starting bid $1503; Remarks: Hide wrapped, incised painted design, 20” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #53: Billy Mike Plains ~1965 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Billy Mike1,2 — Ute (Nuutsiu); Date crafted: About 1960's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #6852; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $100 ($126.73 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $600 - $1,000, Starting bid $3003; Remarks: Made by Billy Mike, with incised and painted floral design, from the Dupree collection, 21” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #55: Richard Payne Plains ~1965 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Dr. Richard Weston Payne1 (1918–2004); Date crafted: About 1960's2; 1980's – 19953

Identification: Munn auction lot #7472; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $225 ($285.13 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $400 - $700, Starting bid $2004; Disposition: In the collection of Robert and Julia Gatliff.5; Remarks: Early doc Payne flute in the style of how they taught flute making at Bacone's College, like the Dick west flutes, bored in two pieces and held together with a collar.5; Cut beads decorate a band that wraps the flute, stylized bird block, 24” long. [Based upon the construction this flute was made by Dr. Payne. The flute is bored from a single piece of cedar, and cork plug is used between the chambers. The block resembles an early style used by Dr. Payne.]1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 [Gatliff 2005] (original text: ‘more likely 1980’s or early 90’s’)
4 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005
5 Personal communication: to Clint Goss on March 27, 2017

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff.

Payne #58: Richard Payne Plains ~1985 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Dr. Richard Weston Payne1 (1918–2004); Date crafted: About 1980's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #8122; Auction history: October 22, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $850 ($1,077.16 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $300 - $450, Starting bid $1503; Remarks: The maker was not attributed in the auction catalog, but it is believed to have been made by Dr. Payne, inspired by Item #433. The flute is ebony bored with a twist bit in two sections that are joined by a wooden collar of a light wood that later split and was glued back together. Dr. Payne found using a gun drill to bore the flutes in one piece as a superior technique. 23” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 22, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 22, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #60: O. W. Jones Plains ~1945 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Instrument maker: Dr. Oliver W. Jones1; Date crafted: About 1940's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #8932; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $2,250 ($2,851.31 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $700 - $1,000, Starting bid $3503; Disposition: As pf October 23, 2005, in the collection of the flute maker, Oliver W. Jones.1; Remarks: The maker was not attributed in the auction catalog. The nicely playing flute was made by Dr. Oliver W. Jones. The bear carved head on the end was carved by the first owner of the flute. Dr. Jones won the flute back in the auction after a bidding war with a phone-in bidder from Alaska. 25.5” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

Payne #64: Plains ~1975 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 1970's1,2

Identification: Munn auction lot #9902; Auction history: October 23, 2005 by R. G. Munn Auctions: Sale price $100 ($126.73 including buyer's premium and tax), Estimate $150 - $250, Starting bid $753; Remarks: Beaded over steel flute with narrow barrel, 15” long.1

1 [Gatliff 2005]
2 Auction by R. G. Munn Auctions on October 23, 2005
3 R. G. Munn Auctions catalog record as of October 23, 2005

Image courtesy of LiveAuctioneers.com

PBH 2003.25.1: Plains ~2003 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 20031; Overall length: 57.1(±0.1) cm2

Provenance: Donor: Dr. Castle McLaughlin (1/2003 - 11/13/03). Owner: United Tribes Technical College (1/2003). Geography/Provenience: North America/United States/North Dakota/Burleigh County/Bismarck.1; Disposition: In the Peabody Museum of Harvard, cataloged as #2003.25.1.3; Remarks: Inventory Description: Flute, wood, woven black and turquois bands, metal and wood mouth. Object Description: Wooden flute with metal plate and piece of wood tied on with hide strips; black and green thread decoration1

1 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017
2 Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University catalog record as of April 14, 2017 (original text: ‘Overall: 57.1 x 5.5 x 4 cm (22 1/2 x 2 3/16 x 1 9/16 in.)’)
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 14, 2017

Image courtesy of The Peabody Museum

Plains Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 72.39(±1.27) cm (⇇ 57/2 in)1

Auction history: May 18, 2011 by Sotheby's Auctions: Sold for $12,500 (including Buyer's Premium), Estimate: $7,000 - $10,0001; Remarks: Plains Painted Wood Effigy Courting Flute, flageolet, of openwork form, composed of a straight section of cedar branch, split lengthwise and joined with "pitch glue," with five holes on the upper section, surmounted by a terraced stop, fastened with hide wrappings, a finely carved crane's head at one end, inset with yellow glass beads for eyes, its beak slightly parted, the other end with a small metal mouthpiece, fine incised details and remains of red and yellow pigment overall.1

1 Auction by Sotheby's Auctions on May 18, 2011

Sotheby's auction image.

Plains Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 74.93(±1.27) cm (⇇ 59/2 in)1

Auction history: May 18, 2007 by Sotheby's Auctions: Estimate: $3,000 - $4,0001; Remarks: Plains Wood Courting Flute, flageolot, composed of a straight section of branch, split lengthwise and joined, with five holes on one side, surmounted by a "stop, in the form of a horse," fastened with hide wrappings. Catalog Note: Please see Ewers, 1986, p. 162 for a discussion of the origin of the courting flute.1

1 Auction by Sotheby's Auctions on May 10, 2007

Sotheby's auction image.

Plains ~1890 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1880 – 19002; Overall length: 55.88(±2.54) cm (⇇ 22.0 in)1

Provenance: Purchased in 1977 from Bob Ward's Original Trading Post, Santa Fe, NM.1; Auction history: April 8, 2012 by Cowan's Auctions: Sale price $1,528 (including buyer's premium)1; Remarks: Plains Courting Flute, assembled of two pieces of hollowed wood and wrapped with buffalo gut; remnants of red pigment, total length 22 in. Condition: Beaded charm likely a later addition; gut is tearing in areas; some small chips in wood.1

1 Auction by Cowan's Auctions on April 8, 2012
2 Auction by Cowan's Auctions on April 8, 2012 (original text: ‘late 19th century’)

Cowan's auction image.

Plains ~1890 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Plains1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: About 18901; Overall length: 35.56(±2.54) cm (⇇ 14.0 in)1

Auction history: September 12, 2003 by Cowan's Auctions: Sale price $1,265 (including buyer's premium)1; Remarks: Plains Indian's Courting Flute, ca. 1890, has a two-piece construction. Engraved with geometric designs, red wash with green or faded blue in engraved areas and ornamented with leather thong wrappings with hanging fringe. A thin piece of sheet lead is mounted to the top near tone slide, length 14". Condition: Expected wear, still VG+.1

1 Auction by Cowan's Auctions on September 12, 2003

Cowan's auction image.

Culture: Potawatomi (Neshnabé)

AMNH 50.1 / 7179: Potawatomi (Neshnabé) ~1913 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Potawatomi (Neshnabé)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 1913 or before2; Date acquired: 19131

Provenance: WI, OCONTO COUNTY, SURING, Midwest, USA1; Personnel: Collector: John V. Satterlee; Donor: Alanson B. Skinner1; Disposition: In the American Museum of Natural History collection in New York City, catalog #50.1 / 7179.3

For more information: American Museum of Natural History / Anthropology Collections

1 American Museum of Natural History catalog record as of March 24, 2017
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on March 24, 2017

Image courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History. Image by Clint Goss.

DCM 532: Potawatomi (Neshnabé) ~1925 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Potawatomi (Neshnabé)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before December 23, 19253; Date acquired: December 23, 19251; Overall length: 61.436(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 24 3/16' in)4; 61.20(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Soft wood, possibly pine. Tied with blue and red braided tassel.1; Condition: Missing lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 23 Dec. 1925.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 532:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Pottowattomi [sic] Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 24 3/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

DCM 845: Potawatomi (Neshnabé) ~1929 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Potawatomi (Neshnabé)1,2 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before April 15, 19293; Date acquired: April 15, 19291; Overall length: 46.65(±0.05) cm1; 47.466(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 18 11/16' in)4; Materials: Tube apparently made of a segment of gun barrel, quite old, having a hammer weld seam. Stained wood flue cover, lead flue plate.1

Provenance: From Albert G. Heath, Chicago, 15 Apr. 1929.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 845:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "American Indian, Potawatomi."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 18 11/16’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Potawatomi (Neshnabé) ~1850 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Potawatomi (Neshnabé)1 «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Mid 1800's2; Overall length: 51.118(±0.318) cm (⇇ 'Overall length is 20 1/8 inches.' in)3

Disposition: In the collection of Hawk Henries.4

1 Facebook post by Hawk Henries on June 24, 2014
2 Facebook post by Hawk Henries on June 24, 2014 (original text: ‘This flute was made in the early to mid 1800's.’)
3 Facebook post by Hawk Henries on June 24, 2014 (original text: ‘Overall length is 20 1/8 inches.’)
4 entered by Clint Goss on March 22, 2017

Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries.
Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries.
Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries.
Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries.
Image courtesy of Hawk Henries. Image courtesy of Hawk Henries.

Culture: Pueblo

DCM 548: Pueblo ~1926 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: Pueblo1,2; Date crafted: Before January 4, 19263; Date acquired: January 4, 19261; Overall length: 38.735(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 15 1/4' in)4; 38.80(±0.05) cm1; Materials: Unidentified soft wood, stained yellow, now darkened.1; Condition: The 2 halves are unglued and any mouthpipe this instrument may have had is now missing. Also missing one feather (noted by DCM).1

Provenance: From N. E. Carter, Elkhorn, Wisconsin, 4 Jan. 1926.1; Disposition: In the Dayton C. Miller collection of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., cataloged as DCM 548:.5; Remarks: Dayton C. Miller ledger entry: "Pueblo Indian."1

For more information: Library of Congress / Dayton C. Miller Collection

1 Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection catalog record as of February 23, 2017
2 [Wolf 2002]
3 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
4 [Wolf 2002] (original text: ‘L 15 1/4’)
5 entered by Clint Goss on February 23, 2017

Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Maker: Colyn Petersen

Colyn Petersen Low Bb Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): Bb31; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Colyn Petersen1; Date crafted: February 25, 2007 or before2; Date acquired: February 25, 20071; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 77.25±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Colyn Petersen, at the Potomac Flute Festival on February 25, 2007.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Colyn Petersen Mid-range F# Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): F#41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Colyn Petersen1; Date crafted: October 1, 2003 or before2; Date acquired: October 1, 20031; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 59.25±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from Mac Lopez, Whirlwind studios, Idlewild, CA on October 1, 2003.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Colyn Petersen Mid-range G Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Colyn Petersen1; Date crafted: June 10, 2005 or before2; Date acquired: June 10, 20051; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 60.00±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss in person from the flute maker, Colyn Petersen, at the INAFA convention (I think) on June 10, 2005. Subsequently sent to Colyn to improve the tuning and craft a revised base to the block, which were done.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Helio Portales

Helio Portales High C# Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): C#51; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Helio Portales1; Date crafted: November 20, 2004 or before2; Date acquired: November 20, 20041; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 35.65±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Won by Clint Goss in person at the silent auction at the Dallas Flute Retreat on November 20, 2004.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/16/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Pat Partridge

Pat Partridge Mid-range G Minor Open-Block Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: –T1231; Instrument maker: Pat Partridge1; Date crafted: October 20, 2006 or before2; Date acquired: October 20, 20061; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Pat Partridge, to Clint Goss by mail on October 20, 2006 .1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Peter Phippen

Peter Phippen Low A Vessel Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): A31; Fingering sequence: 11; Instrument maker: Peter Phippen1; Date crafted: November 23, 2003 or before2; Date acquired: November 23, 20031

Provenance: Gifted to Clint Goss in person from Peter Phippen at the Flower Mound gathering on November 23, 2003.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Richard Payne

Payne #15: Richard Payne Native American Flute

Crafting culture: (Unspecified)1,2; Instrument maker: Dr. Richard Weston Payne3 (1918–2004); Overall length: 52.705(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 20 3/4' in)4

Identification: Wolf item #15, photos #88-923

1 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘(blank)’)
2 [Gatliff 2005] (original text: ‘(blank)’)
3 [Wolf 2003]
4 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 20 3/4’)

Payne #26: Richard Payne 1972 Native American Flute

Crafting culture: (Unspecified)1; Instrument maker: Dr. Richard Weston Payne2 (1918–2004); Date crafted: 19722; Overall length: 60.960(±0.159) cm (⇇ 'L 24' in)3

Identification: Wolf item #26, photos #154-1632

1 [Gatliff 2005] (original text: ‘(blank)’)
2 [Wolf 2003]
3 [Wolf 2003] (original text: ‘L 24’)

Richard Payne Mid-range F# Major Diatonic Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): F#41; Fingering sequence: 123–1231; Instrument maker: Dr. Richard Weston Payne1 (1918–2004); Date crafted: November 24, 2002 or before2; Date acquired: November 24, 20021; Primary scale: Diatonic Major1 (steps: 2–2–1–2–2–2–1) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 57.55±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Gifted to Clint Goss from Richard W. Payne in person at the the Flower Mound workshop on November 24, 2002.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Maker: Steve Petermann

Steve Petermann High C Ake Bono Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): C51; Fingering sequence: 123–121; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: November 18, 2012 or before2; Date acquired: November 18, 20121; Primary scale: Ake Bono1 (steps: 2–1–4–2–3) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 43.75±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss by mail from the flute maker, Steve Petermann, on November 18, 2012.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/16/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Steve Petermann High C Maqam Nahawand Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): C51; Fingering sequence: T123–1231; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: January 10, 2013 or before2; Date acquired: January 10, 20131; Primary scale: Maqam Nahawand1 (steps: 2–1–2–2–1–2–1–1); Overall length: 43.50±0.05 cm3; Markings: No markings by the maker on this flute.1

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Steve Petermann, to Clint Goss by mail on January 10, 2013.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/16/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Steve Petermann Mid-range A Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): A41; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: October 28, 2016 or before2; Date acquired: October 28, 20161; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Replacement by the flute maker, Steve Petermann, to Clint Goss on October 28, 2016 for a purchased flute tat was crushed in the mail.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Steve Petermann Mid-range A Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): A41; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: October 24, 2016 or before2; Date acquired: October 24, 20161; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»

Provenance: Purchased by Clint Goss by mail from the flute maker, Steve Petermann, on October 24, 2016. It was crushed during shipping.1; Disposition: The pieces of the flute are in a plastic bag in the "Clint Flutes" box in Clint Goss's collection.3

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Steve Petermann Mid-range F# Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): F#41; Fingering sequence: T123–1231; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: March 7, 2013 or before2; Date acquired: March 7, 20131; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 57.30±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Steve Petermann, to Clint Goss by mail on March 7, 2013, after discussion about crafting flutes with Just Intonation temperament.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Steve Petermann Mid-range G Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: T123–1231; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: January 10, 2013 or before2; Date acquired: January 10, 20131; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 55.15±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Steve Petermann, to Clint Goss by mail on January 10, 2013.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Steve Petermann Mid-range G Minor Native American Flute

Fundamental pitch (design): G41; Fingering sequence: T123–1231; Instrument maker: Steve Petermann1; Date crafted: November 18, 2012 or before2; Date acquired: November 18, 20121; Primary scale: Minor Pentatonic1 (steps: 3–2–2–3–2) «Wikipedia»; Overall length: 54.95±0.05 cm3

Provenance: Gift of the flute maker, Stevel Petermann, to Clint Goss by mail on November 18, 2012.1; Disposition: In the collection of Clint Goss.4

1 entered by Clint Goss
2 entered by Clint Goss, based on the date acquired.
3 Measured by Clint Goss on 2/15/2017: Valley brand stainless steel one-meter ruler using the metric scale.
4 entered by Clint Goss on April 15, 2017

Set: Published Flutes

Beltrami Bird-Head ~1823 Native American Whistle

Date crafted: 1823 or before1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Beltrami Flutes

1 entered by Clint Goss on 3/10/2017, based on the date collected.

Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman
Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman
Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman

Beltrami ~1823 Native American Flute

Date crafted: 1823 or before1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Beltrami Flutes

1 entered by Clint Goss on 3/10/2017, based on the date collected.

Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman
Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman
Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman Image courtesy of Geoff Norman
Image courtesy of Geoff Norman

Betatakin Fewkes Flute

Date crafted: 1246 CE – 1286 CE1

Cited in: [Fewkes 1911], page 15 (footnote) and page 30; [Robinson-WJ 1991], page 3

1 [Robinson-WJ 1991], page 3

Betatakin Judd Flute

Date crafted: 1246 CE – 1286 CE1

Cited in: [Judd 1930] The Excavation and Repair of Betatakin; [Robinson-WJ 1991], page 3

1 [Robinson-WJ 1991], page 3

Breckenridge Native American Flute

Date crafted: 1020 CE – 1160 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Breckenridge Flute

Cited in: [Rees 2011]; [Rees 2013]

1 [Rees 2013]

Image by James Rees Image by James Rees Image by James Rees
Image by James Rees Image by James Rees

Eagle Bone 236715: Flute

Cited in: [Ortiz 1979], page 427

East-Texas Rim-blown Whistle

Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Archaic-Early Basketmaker Era1 (7000 BCE – 1500 BCE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: Before 4000 BCE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / East-Texas Flute

1 Heritage Village Museum catalog record

Image courtesy of Robert Gatliff.

Gypsum Cave 6F396: Rim-blown Flute

Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Late Basketmaker Era1 (50 CE – 500 CE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 500 CE – 750 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Gypsum Cave Flutes

Cited in: [Harrington 1933]; [Harrington 1940]; [Payne 1989], page 15

1 [Payne 1989], page 14

Image from [Harrington 1933]

Gypsum Cave 6F84: Rim-blown Flute

Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Late Basketmaker Era1 (50 CE – 500 CE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 500 CE – 750 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Gypsum Cave Flutes

Cited in: [Harrington 1933]; [Harrington 1940]; [Payne 1989], page 15

1 [Payne 1989], page 14

Image from [Harrington 1933]

Jiahu M73 A: Rim-blown Flute

Era crafted: Jiahu1 (7000 BCE – 5800 BCE)

For more information: Wikipedia: Gudi (instrument)

Cited in: [Zhang 2000], page 1

1 [Zhang 2000]

L'Anse Amour Rim-blown Flute

Era crafted: Ancestral Puebloan / Archaic-Early Basketmaker Era1 (7000 BCE – 1500 BCE) «Wikipedia»; Date crafted: 5580 BCE ±1401

For more information: Flutopedia: The L'Anse Amour Flute

Cited in: [McGhee 1975] An Archaic Sequence from the Strait of Belle Isle, Labrador; [Martin-KLH 1976] Bone Flutes and Whistles from Archaeological Sites in Eastern North America; [Jelsma 2000], page 15

1 [Jelsma 2000], page 15

Mammoth Cave Reed Rim-blown Flute

Date crafted: 756 BCE – 203 BCE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Mammoth Cave Reed Flute

Cited in: [Carstens 2004]; [Applegate 2008], pages 390, 413, and 414; [Watson-PJ 1969]; [Kennedy 1997]

1 [Watson-PJ 1969]

Image by Philip J. DiBlasi

Nordenskiöld Spring House Flute

Date crafted: 1266 CE – 1277 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Mesa Verde Flutes

Cited in: [Nordenskiold 1893], page 101; [Robinson-WJ 1991], page 18; [Wilcox 2002]

1 [Robinson-WJ 1991], page 18

Obelisk Cave A350437: Rim-blown Flute

Date crafted: 470 CE – 489 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Obelisk Cave Reed Flute

Cited in: [Brown-EJ 2005], pages 209-210; [Morris 1936], page 35; [Morris-EA 1980] Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona, page 20; [Bernheimer 1924]

1 [Brown-EJ 2005], pages 209–210

Obelisk Cave A350451: Rim-blown Flute

Date crafted: 470 CE – 489 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Obelisk Cave Reed Flute

Cited in: [Brown-EJ 2005], pages 209-210; [Morris 1936], page 35; [Morris-EA 1980] Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona, page 20; [Bernheimer 1924]

1 [Brown-EJ 2005], pages 209–210

Pueblo Bonito Refuse Heap H-2783 Whistle

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, (not described!); [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, Plate 12, Figure 8

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Pueblo Bonito Room 25 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, (not described!); [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 109

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Pueblo Bonito Room 32 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, (not described!); [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, Table 5 on page 369 lists 1 wooden flute

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4557 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, page 202 and plate 2; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 165 (Fig 67c); [Payne 1989], page 18 ¶4; [Douglass 1935], page 51; [Morris-EA 1959], page 410; [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4558 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, page 202 and plate 2; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 165 (Fig 67d)

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4559 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, page 203 and plate 2; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 165 (Fig 67b)

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4560 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, pages 199-201 and plate 2; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 165 (Fig 67a)

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4561 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, pages 203-204 and plate 2; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 165 (Fig 67e)

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4562 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, page 204 and plate 2; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, page 165 (Fig 67f)

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 H-4563 Painted Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, pages 199-200 and plate 1, items 2 and 3; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, pages 166

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909] Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 33 Large Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, pages 217-218 and Plate 1, item 1; [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, (not described!)

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1909]

Pueblo Bonito Room 85 Second Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, (not described!); [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, Table 5 on page 369 lists 2 wooden flutes

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Pueblo Bonito Room 85 Square Flute H-7270 Flute

Date crafted: 690 CE – 944 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Flutes of Pueblo Bonito

Cited in: [Pepper 1909] The Exploration of a Burial-Room in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, (not described!); [Pepper 1920] Pueblo Bonito, pages 279

1 [Coltrain 2007] The Stable- and Radio-Isotope Chemistry of Western Basketmaker Burials: Implications for Early Puebloan Diets and Origins, page 306

Image from [Pepper 1920]

Range Creek Rim-blown Flute

Date crafted: 750 CE – 1250 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / The Range Creek Flute

Cited in: [Trease 2006]; [Trease 2007]; [Bjorkman 2016]

1 [Madsen 1989]

Image from [Trease 2010]

Rohn Mesa Verde Flute

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Mesa Verde Flutes

Cited in: [Brown 1967], page 82

Santa Fe 31926: Flute

Cited in: [Ortiz 1979], page 274

Santa Fe 44432: Flute

Cited in: [Ortiz 1979], page 320

Talus Village Flute

Date crafted: 300 CE – 400 CE1

For more information: Flutopedia: The Development of Flutes in North America / Talus Village Bone Flute

Cited in: [Morris 1954], page 63; [Brown 1967], pages 80-81

1 [Morris 1954], page 63

 
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