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Flutopedia Symposium

Finger Diagram Fonts and Images

Flutopedia offers several resources for people who would like to write out sheet music with finger diagrams:

  • SNAFT - A simple, character-based way of typing finger diagrams, such as <xox|ooo. This is described on the SNAFT web page.
  • Finger Diagram Fonts (this page) - A set of TrueType fonts that have high-quality finger diagrams in the place of letters. You install these on your system and use them in an application program such as Microsoft Word or Finale. Fonts are currently available for Native American flutes (six-hole, five-hole, and Hopi flutes) as well as for the Fujara.
  • Finger Diagram Images (this page) - A set of GIF image files with finger diagrams. These are available in various orientations (vertical, horizontal, inverted), several sizes, and with a white or transparent background. These image files are new with version 1.06.

If you are just typing an email, SNAFT will probably suffice. The Finger Diagram Images are ideal for displaying finger diagrams on web pages. For serious scoring of music, especially if you expect to do a fair number of transcriptions, you probably want to invest the time to install the Finger Diagram Fonts.

I have used the Finger Diagram Fonts to score three Mary Youngblood song books ([Youngblood 2003]. [Youngblood 2003a]. and [Youngblood 2004]) as well as all the PDF sheet music on Flutopedia. The Finger Diagram Images are used on Flutopedia web pages.

The finger diagram fonts and images generally look like this: Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open for six-hole flutes. There are also diagrams for five-hole flutes Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open and Anasazi-style five-hole flutes Hopi five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open, six-hole flutes with a thumb hole Thumb plus five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open, four-hole flutes in Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed half-closed open Mojave style, Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed half-closed open Yuma style, and four-hole flutes with an uneven spacing Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed half-closed open, and Papago-style three-hole flutes Papago three hole finger diagram closed closed open (without a thumb hole) and Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed closed open (with a thumb hole), seven-hole flutes in Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open 3-4 configuration, Bawu finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open 4-3 configuration, and Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open with a thumb hole, eight Eight hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open hole flutes, Baroque / English Recorders Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open , and as well as the Slovakian Fujara Fujara three hole finger diagram closed closed openFujara whoosh.

Here is a reduced-size example of a page scored with these finger diagram fonts, typeset in Finale 2004:

Sheet music for Silent Night, byt Franz Gruber, arranged by Clint Goss

The fonts are in TrueType format (.TTF) and have been tested on Microsoft Windows. Use on Mac systems is not specifically supported, but people seem to have no problems with them.

These fonts are freely distributable. However, any document (printed, electronic, or otherwise) that makes use of any of these fonts must carry the inscription:

Finger diagrams courtesy of Clint Goss, www.NAFTracks.com

The Fonts

Seventeen fonts are provided in the distribution package:

NAFTracks Six Hole

Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SixHole.ttf

A full set of finger diagrams for six-hole Native American flutes, including half-hole diagrams, smaller diagrams for grace notes, and diagrams for the drone side of a double flute. This font can also be used for diatonic flutes as well as Anasazi flutes.

This font also has finger diagrams for five-hole Native American flutes, so if you need the occasional five-hole finger diagram in a document that has primarily six-hole finger diagrams, you don't have to switch fonts.


NAFTracks Six Hole Inverted

Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SixHoleInverted.ttf

The same as the NAFTracks Six Hole font, with the mouth end of the flute at the bottom. I call these “inverted”, although you may consider these the normal direction for finger diagrams.


NAFTracks Six Hole Thumb

Thumb plus five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SixHoleThumb.ttf

The same as the NAFTracks Six Hole font, with the top hole shown off to the side to indicate a thumb hole.


NAFTracks Seven Hole 34

Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SevenHole_34.ttf

Finger diagrams for seven hole flutes with groups of 3 upper fingers and 4 lower fingers.


NAFTracks Seven Hole 43

Bawu finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SevenHole_43.ttf

Finger diagrams for seven hole flutes with groups of 4 upper fingers and 3 lower fingers.


NAFTracks Seven Hole Thumb

Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SevenHole_T33.ttf

Finger diagrams for seven hole flutes with a thumb hole and two groups of 3 fingers on the front.


NAFTracks Eight Hole 44

Eight hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_EightHole_44.ttf

Finger diagrams for eight hole flutes with two groups of 4 fingers.


NAFTracks Five Hole

Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_FiveHole.ttf

A full set of finger diagrams for five-hole Native American flutes, including half-hole diagrams, smaller diagrams for grace notes, and diagrams for the drone side of a double flute.


NAFTracks Five Hole Inverted

Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_FiveHoleInverted.ttf

The same as the NAFTracks Five Hole font, with the mouth end of the flute at the bottom.


NAFTracks Hopi Five Hole

Hopi five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_HopiFiveHole.ttf

A full set of finger diagrams for five-hole Hopi-style flutes.


NAFTracks Mojave Four Hole

Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_MojaveFourHole.ttf


NAFTracks Yuma Four Hole

Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_YumaFourHole.ttf


NAFTracks Uneven Four Hole

Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_UnevenFourHole.ttf


NAFTracks Papago Three Hole

Papago three hole finger diagram closed open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_PapagoThreeHole.ttf

A full set of finger diagrams for three-hole Papago-style and similar Pima style flutes. Even though this font is called “Three Hole”, it does have four-hole versions of the finger diagrams that show a thumb hole.


NAFTracks Recorder

Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_Recorder.ttf

A full set of finger diagrams for Baroque / English recorders based on [Dolmetsch 2001] Baroque / English Recorder Fingering Chart.


NAFTracks Six Hole to Diatonic

Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_SixHoleToDiatonic.ttf

A special-purpose font that allows fast conversion from a document scored with the NAFTracks Six Hole font to be re-scored for a diatonic flute simply by swapping the underlying font for the finger diagrams.

This font should probably not be used for general-purpose use - use the NAFTracks Six Hole font instead.


NAFTracks Fujara

Fujara three hole finger diagram closed closed openTrueType font file: NAFTracks_Fujara.ttf

A font for the Slovakian Fujara.

 

Examples of the Fonts

The fonts have full-size finger diagrams such as Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed and Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open as well as smaller diagrams to represent grace notes. Here is an example of a grace note preceding a regular note: Finger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed … A “bark” on a Native Flute might be represented like this: Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closedFinger diagram closed closed closed open open openFinger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Fonts also have diagrams to represent a drone portion of a flute, in two forms (“open” and “closed”): Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram drone open and Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open openFinger diagram drone closed

There are some specialized finger diagrams in the Six Hole font to indicate overblow into the second register Finger diagram second octave closed closed closed closed closed closed and the third register: Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed

Indicators are provided for half-holing and shading a hole. For example, Finger diagram half-closed closed closed closed closed closed for the SNAFT "h" (half), Finger diagram cracked closed closed closed closed closed for the SNAFT "c" (cracked), and Finger diagram one-quarter-closed closed closed closed closed closed for the SNAFT "q" (quarter-closed).

Indicators are also privided for trilling. For example: Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed trill

Here are examples of the Five Hole font: Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open the Hopi Five Hole font: Hopi five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open the Mojave Four Hole font: Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed open open the Yuma Four Hole font: Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed open open the Uneven Four Hole font: Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed open open and the Papago Three Hole font: Papago three hole finger diagram closed closed open

The fujara font has finger diagrams that look like this: Fujara three hole finger diagram trill closed closed … There are also diagrams to represent effects that are specific to the Slovakian fujara: a scatter before the note: Fujara scatterFujara three hole finger diagram closed closed closed … and a woosh after the note: Fujara three hole finger diagram closed closed openFujara whoosh

Blank Staff Paper

Blank Staff Paper is available in PDF format for all the fonts provided on this page. See the Blank Native American flute Tablature page.

Conversion Between Fonts

The fonts for Native American flutes are designed to let you easily convert between Six Hole and Five Hole versions of the same transcription. If you have a transcription which uses the Six Hole font, simply change the font of all the finger diagrams to Five Hole. This would be done the way you might change text from Times Roman to Arial. Then your transcription would have diagrams for five-hole Native Flutes.

The same applies to changing to a diatonic flute … the Six Hole To Diatonic font is specifically designed for this purpose.

You can convert directly between the upright and inverted versions of the Five Hole and Six Hole fonts.

If you publish music with these finger diagrams, I encourage you to include versions with six-hole and five-hole finger diagrams, both the upright and inverted, to allow use by as many people as possible.

Typing the Finger Diagrams

When using these finger diagram fonts, you will typically be typing a single keyboard letter to get one finger diagram. However, the correspondence between the letters on the keyboard and the finger diagrams is not obvious.

Before getting into the font keys (described below) that tell you how to get every variant of every finger diagram in each font, here's a quick primer on what to type to get the basic characters:

NAFTracks Six Hole

Typing keyboard characters 1 3 4 5 7 8 in the NAFTracks Six Hole font will get you the pentatonic minor scale:

Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open Finger diagram closed open closed open open open Finger diagram open open closed open open open

Adding the additional digits will get you a more complete scale. So 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 gives you:

Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed half-closed Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open Finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open Finger diagram closed closed open closed open open Finger diagram closed open closed open open open Finger diagram open open closed open open open Finger diagram open closed closed closed open closed Finger diagram open closed closed closed closed open

For even more notes, start adding the shifted versions of the digits: !, @, #, $, %, ^, &, *, ( and ) . They will get you the intermediate notes between these basic notes. For more finger diagrams, including half-holed notes and grace notes, see the Font Keys section below.

NAFTracks Five Hole

Typing keyboard characters 1 3 4 5 7 8 in the NAFTracks Five Hole font will get you the pentatonic minor scale:

Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open Five hole finger diagram closed open open open open Five hole finger diagram open open open open open

Adding the additional digits will get you a more complete scale. So 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 gives you:

Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed half-closed Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open Five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open Five hole finger diagram closed open closed open closed Five hole finger diagram closed open open open open Five hole finger diagram open open open open open Five hole finger diagram open closed closed open closed Five hole finger diagram open closed closed closed open

For even more notes, start adding the shifted versions of the digits: !, @, #, $, %, ^, &, *, ( and ) . They will get you the intermediate notes between these basic notes. For more finger diagrams, including half-holed notes and grace notes, see the Font Keys section below.

NAFTracks Recorder

Because recorders are adept at playing the full chromatic scale, the NAFTracks Recorder font is laid out in an approximation of the piano keyboard. The keyboard characters q w e r t y u in the NAFTracks Recorder font get you the basic (all-white-keys) sequence: Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closed closed Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed closed open Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed closed open open Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed open closed closed Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open open Recorder finger diagram closed closed open open open open open open Recorder finger diagram closed open closed open open open open open. The character z begins the next higher octave. Refer to the FontKey_Recorder.pdf document (or the comprehensive FingerDiagramImages.pdf document which contains the Font Key for the Recorder font) for a key that shows the layout of all characters in this font.

 

NAFTracks Mojave Four Hole

Typing keyboard characters 0 1 3 7 F in the NAFTracks Mojave Four Hole font will get you the basic sequence:

Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed closed openMojave four hole finger diagram closed closed open open Mojave four hole finger diagram closed open open open Mojave four hole finger diagram open open open open

For more finger diagrams, including half-holed notes and grace notes, see the Font Keys section below.

NAFTracks Yuma Four Hole

Typing keyboard characters 0 1 3 7 F in the NAFTracks Yuma Four Hole font will get you the basic sequence:

Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed closed openYuma four hole finger diagram closed closed open open Yuma four hole finger diagram closed open open open Yuma four hole finger diagram open open open open

For more finger diagrams, including half-holed notes and grace notes, see the Font Keys section below.

NAFTracks Uneven Four Hole

Typing keyboard characters 0 1 3 7 F in the NAFTracks Uneven Four Hole font will get you the basic sequence:

Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed closed openUneven four hole finger diagram closed closed open open Uneven four hole finger diagram closed open open open Uneven four hole finger diagram open open open open

For more finger diagrams, including half-holed notes and grace notes, see the Font Keys section below.

NAFTracks Papago Three Hole

Typing keyboard characters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 in the NAFTracks Papago Three Hole font will get you the basic sequence:

Papago three hole finger diagram closed closed closed Papago three hole finger diagram closed closed open Papago three hole finger diagram closed open closed Papago three hole finger diagram closed open open Papago three hole finger diagram open closed closed Papago three hole finger diagram open closed open Papago three hole finger diagram open open closed Papago three hole finger diagram open open open Papago three hole finger diagram closed closed half-closed Papago three hole finger diagram closed half-closed open

To get the version of the finger diagrams that show a thumb hole, type the keyboard characters A B C D … for full-size images and a b c d … for grace notes:

Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed closed open Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed open closed Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed open open

For more finger diagrams, including half-holed notes and grace notes, see the Font Keys section below.

Font Keys

To help you map keyboard characters to the finger diagram you want, several types of font keys are included with the distribution package. Before working with any of these fonts, it is a good idea to print out the appropriate Font Key for that font to have alongside your work for reference. At first, it might not seem like there is a coherent layout to the finger diagrams, but after you work with them for a while you will begin to see the pattern.

Pick the type of font key that best works for you:

FontDiagrams.pdf

This file contains a complete listing of all characters in all fonts. It is a PDF export from a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet.

The fonts are sorted based on their binary bit representation, which may or may not be ideal for your use. However, every single character is displayed on these sheets, so it is a complete listing.

Here is a direct link to the FontDiagrams.pdf document.

FingerDiagramImages.pdf

Another approach to font keys. It is a PDF export from a Corel Draw file that I use to generate the finger diagram images.

This font key is probably more straightforward to use, but has less complete and less detailed information. Note that the grace notes are not shown in this font key.

Some finger diagrams in this font key are show in red. They can be used just like any other finger diagram - the red simply indicates that they are copies of other finger diagrams show earlier in that font.

Here is a direct link to the FingerDiagramImages.pdf document.

There is also a specific font key for the Recorder font in the FontKey_Recorder.pdf document.

Finale Font Keys (Historical)

The PDF files in the distribution package with names like FontKey_NAFTracks_<FontName>.pdf were done in Finale. They show the various finger diagrams as they relate to modern music notation.

NOTE: These files are no longer maintained after version 1.05 of these fonts!! They are just too cumbersome too work with. They are still included in the distribution package, because some people find them useful, but do not have any updates starting from version 1.06 (eg. the Papago Three Hole font is not represented).

Extended Characters

In some cases, extended characters are needed for a font. If the character associated with a finger diagram in the Font Key documents says (for example) 123 or Alt+123, then here's what you do to get that character on a Windows system:

  • Ensure that the  NumLock  key is engaged.
  • Hold down the  ALT  key.
  • On the numeric key pad, press  0  (the digit zero), then the three digits shown ( 1 then  2  then  3  in this example).
  • Release the  ALT  key.

You should then see the desired character in your document.

Note: If you do not have a numeric key pad on your keyboard (often absent on laptop computers), then you may be able to get the equivalent characters with some combination of function keys. Check your computer's documentation. However, I've gotten reports that some laptops do not have this functionality.

Microsoft Word

An easy way to write down your songs is to use a word processor such as Microsoft Word® and simply write out the finger diagrams to the song. You could also include lyrics if the song has them.

Here's a sample of a very straightforward transcription done by Ellie Lehota Ma'ayan:

Sheet music for Then Came the Rain, by Ellie Barbarash

The lines of lyrics are in a regular 16-point Georgia font, and the lines of finger diagrams are in 72-point NAFTracks Six Hole font.

If you plan on sending such a transcription to another person using Microsoft Word, you will need to embed the fonts into the document. This allows the person receiving the document to view it, even if they do not have the finger diagram fonts installed on their machine.

To embed fonts into a Microsoft Word document:

  1. On the Tools menu, click Options, and then click the Save tab.
  2. Select the Embed TrueType fonts check box.
  3. Save the document.

Here is the Microsoft Word Document of Then Came The Rain for you to test out on your system.

Finger Diagram Image Files

As of version 1.06 (mid-2010), the distribtution package includes an extensive set of GIF format image files. Each finger diagram image is in a separate GIF file. The name of the file indicates the finger diagram. As an example:

NAFTracks_h6mw_oxx_xxh.gif = Finger diagram open closed closed closed closed half-closed

The h6mw portion of the file name tells you the orientation, font, size, and background for that image. The first character tells you the orientation, the second character the font, the third character the size, and the last character the background. Here is a key that tells the complete story:

Diagram of the components of a finger diagram image file name

Note the Finger Pattern portion of the file name uses almost the same conventions as SNAFT, except the “|” vertical bar character is replace with an “_” underscore.

These image files are ideal for use on web pages. However, please see the discussion of the accessibility issues relating to using finger diagrams on web pages, in order to assist blind and limited-sight players.

Sizes

The size indicator described above (for example, the third character “m” above) tells you the dimensions of the finger diagram image. Each size has standard pixel dimensions that holds for most finger diagram images of that size:

Size letter Meaning Sample Standard pixel dimensions Export
DPI
Vertical Horizontal
g Gigantic Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open 32 wide × 141 high 141 wide × 32 high 196
h Huge Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open 28 wide × 123 high 123 wide × 28 high 170
l Large Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open 24 wide × 106 high 106 wide × 24 high 148
m Medium Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open 20 wide × 88 high 88 wide × 20 high 120
s Small Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open 16 wide × 70 high 70 wide × 16 high 100
t Tiny Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open 12 wide × 53 high 53 wide × 12 high 72

Note that a few of the image files, such as drone add-on images, will have a different size from these standard sizes.

Coverage

The current package includes 963 finger diagram images that cover many of the commonly-used finger patterns. In general, the grace notes that are part of the Finger Diagram Fonts are not included in the set of Finger Diagram Images.

This table provides a roster of the specific images that are currently uncluded in the distribution package:

Orientation Font Size Background Sample File Name
Leader
Images Description
Horizontal Six Hole Medium White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_h6mw_ 95 full font, including trills, half-holes, and second octave
(except grace notes)
Transparent Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_h6mt_ 26 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Six Hole Thumb Medium White Thumb plus five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_hTmw_ 28 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Seven Hole Thumb Medium White Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_h7mw_ 19 the primary scale
Recorder Medium White Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open NAFTracks_hRmw_ 14 the primary scale in the low register
Five Hole Medium White Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open NAFTracks_h5mw_ 12 the extended scale
Hopi Five Hole Medium White Hopi five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open NAFTracks_hHmw_ 14 the extended scale
Transparent Hopi five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open NAFTracks_hHmt_ 14 the extended scale
Mohave Four Hole Medium White Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_hMmw_ 16 all finger combination except half-holing
Transparent Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_hMmt_ 16 all finger combination except half-holing
Yuma Four Hole Medium White Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_hYmw_ 21 the extended scale
Transparent Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_hYmt_ 21 the extended scale
Uneven Four Hole Medium White Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_hUmw_ 5 the primary scale
Transparent Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_hUmt_ 5 the primary scale
Papago Three Hole Medium White Papago three hole finger diagram closed open open
Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed open open
NAFTracks_hPmw_ 11 the primary scale
Transparent Papago three hole finger diagram closed open open
Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed open open
NAFTracks_hPmt_ 11 the primary scale
Vertical Six Hole Gigantic White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6gw_ 10 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Huge White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6hw_ 10 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Large White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6lw_ 10 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Medium White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6mw_ 97 full font
(except grace notes)
Transparent Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6mt_ 10 the hexatonic scale
Small White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6sw_ 10 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Tiny White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v6tw_ 10 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Six Hole Thumb Medium White Thumb plus five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_vTmw_ 29 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Seven Hole 34 Medium White Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open NAFTracks_vAmw_ 16 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Seven Hole 43 Medium White Bawu finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_vBmw_ 16 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Seven Hole Thumb Medium White Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v7mw_ 59 the full font
Eight Hole 44 Medium White Eight hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open NAFTracks_v8mw_ 10 the hexatonic and diatonic scales
Recorder Medium White Recorder finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open NAFTracks_vRmw_ 15 the chromatic scale in the first octave
Five Hole Medium White Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open NAFTracks_v5mw_ 68 full font
(except grace notes)
Hopi Five Hole Medium White Hopi five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open NAFTracks_vHmw_ 28 full font
(except grace notes)
Mojave Four Hole Medium White Mojave four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_vMmw_ 37 full font
(except grace notes)
Yuma Four Hole Medium White Yuma four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_vYmw_ 55 full font
(except grace notes)
Uneven Four Hole Medium White Uneven four hole finger diagram closed closed open open NAFTracks_vUmw_ 38 full font
(except grace notes)
Papago Three Hole Medium White Papago three hole finger diagram closed closed open Papago four hole finger diagram closed closed closed open NAFTracks_vPmw_ 30 full font, including three-hole and four-hole diagrams with a thumb hole
Fujara Medium White Fujara three hole finger diagram closed closed open NAFTracks_vFmw_ 15 full font
Inverted Six Hole Medium White Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_i6mw_ 92 full font
(except grace notes)
Transparent Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open NAFTracks_i6mt_ 7 the hexatonic scales
Five Hole Medium White Five hole finger diagram closed closed open open open NAFTracks_i5mw_ 48 full font
(except grace notes)

Technical Details on Finger Diagram Image files

The finger diagram image files are in GIF format (Compuserve Graphics Interchange Format). They are all 8-bit, non-interlaced, greyscale images.

Note that encoding and decoding GIF format images involves use of the LZW (Lempel–Ziv–Welch ) compression algorithm, which is the subject of U.S. Patent 4,464,650 as well as a massive amount of intellectual property litigation. While I am not offering authoritative legal advice, I do believe that use of these images is allowed under the license terms of the patent holder at the time these images were produced (i.e. I believe you can use them for personal non-commercial use, without paying royalties).

Using the transparent images can be tricky. They were developed against a white background, so the anti-aliasing algorithm that I use tends to fade solid black lines out to white. GIF files are designed so that a single color is designated as the transparent color, and that color is pure white, However, there are greyscale colors in the image that are not pure white, so they are not transparent. (This problem would be solved by using an image format that has an Alpha channel, which specifies a degree of transparancy, but that's another story).

The end result is that the transparent finger diagram images work well over a very light background, such as a very light tan, and less well over darker backgrounds. What you will see is a white halo or “jaggies”; around the borders of the black parts of the image. Here are examples of a transparent finger diagram image against various backgrounds:

Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open Finger diagram closed closed closed open open open

Download and Installation

Here is a general outline of how to access and install the fonts on Windows systems:

  1. Click on the “Download the ZIP file ...” link below. You should see a dialog box similar to this:
     
    File Download Dialog Box in Windows
     
  2. Click on [Save].

  3. On the “Save As”, navigate to the desktop (or some other location you prefer) and save the ZIP file there.

  4. Locate the file on your desktop (or other saved location) and open the ZIP file you have just saved (typically by double-clicking on it).

  5. You should see a display of all the files contained within the ZIP file. You can now open any of the files from within the ZIP file or copy them from the ZIP file to other locations.

  6. You generally install fonts on Windows by copying the font files (with extension .TTF) to your Fonts directory. On most windows systems this is located at C:/Windows/Fonts.

  7. After installation, the NAFTracks fonts should show up in any font-list in any program that allows you to change fonts. For transcriptions in Finale, I simply set the lyrics font to be the font for the appropriate finger diagram.

Since I am not a Macintosh user, I can't offer specific directions for the Mac. However, here are two items of feedback that I have received from Mac folks:

From Gary Cope:
I have a Mac - a powerbook PPC with Leopard installed (the latest version). I have MS Office 2008 for Mac. I went into Font Book and installed the fonts and then validated them - then I opened Word 2008 and formated the font. They showed up and they worked the way I suspect you wanted them to.
 
From James Bonacci:
Just tried these fonts out on a Mac (running OS 10.5). The work fine with MS Office for Mac! Mac users can use the FontBook application to install these fonts to the system after unzipping the file. FontBook does not display the fonts, but it does recognized them. Once the fonts are installed to the system, they can be used in MS Office and other Mac applications that use fonts.

Support

The fonts are distributed free of charge, but do not come with support. There are many Web resources that describe the process of installing and using fonts on various operating systems.

Version Information and Revision History

Version 1.01

Fonts developed in 2002 for production of the Mary Youngblood transcription books.

August 26, 2008 at 7AM EDT: Phone call from Roderick Zeig in Switzerland about fonts for the Fujara finally nudges me to organize the Native American flute and Fujara fonts for public distribution.

Version 1.02

Publicly released August 26, 2008 for general use, including 5 fonts.

Version 1.03 - August 29, 2008

Added inverted fonts for showing Six Hole and Five Hole Native American flute finger diagrams with the breath hole at the bottom.

Also added NAFTracks_FontKeys_*.pdf files which are PDF version of the Finale font keys.

Version 1.04 - September 30, 2009

Added several finger diagrams to the Six Hole, Six Hole Inverted, Five Hole, and Five Hole Inverted fonts.

Also included FontReadMe.pdf file which is a PDF version of this page.

Version 1.05 - October 23, 2009

Added several more finger diagrams to the Six Hole and Six Hole Inverted fonts to handle the upper register fingering of flutes by Richard Dubé of Northern Spirit Flutes (<oox|oxx).

Also added FontDiagrams.pdf, which is a PDF version of the my FontDiagrams.xls Excel Spreadsheet, showing each character location in each of the fonts.

Version 1.06 - June 24 - October 6, 2010

Major upgrade along with Flutopedia development.

Exported Finger Diagram Images to go with the font distribution package.

Added the NAFTracks Papago Three Hole font.

Added three finger diagrams to the Six Hole and Six Hole Inverted fonts (<xox|xox needed by Scott August for his Anasazi minor 6th fingering, <cxx|xxx, and <xxx|oox).

Added <cx|xxx to the Five Hole and Five Hole Inverted fonts.

Added yet another printable font key, FontDiagramImages.pdf, which is exported from the Corel Draw FontDiagramImages.cdr (used to generate the GIF files). This might be more helpful to people than the Excel or the Finale versions.

September 10, 2010

Added six-hole diagrams <qxx|xxx, <hxx|xxx, <cxx|xxx, and <xox|oxo to SixHole and SixHoleInverted.

Added five-hole diagrams <xo|oxo, <xo|oxx, <cx|xxx, and <qx|xxx to FiveHole and FiveHoleInverted.

September 12, 2010

Added Mojave Four Hole, Yuma Four Hole, and Uneven Four Hole fonts.

September 15, 2010

Added diagrams with overblow indicators to SixHole and SixHoleInverted.

September 16, 2010

Added diagrams with a thumb hole to the Papago Three Hole font. So the Papago Three Hole font now has finger diagrams with four holes. Hmmm .. bad planning.

Version 1.07 - November 2, 2010

Added four finger diagrams to Five Hole fonts <xx|oox, <oo|oxo, <hx|xxh, and <ox|xxh.

Generate the full set of finger diagram images for Five Hole Inverted medium white.

Version 1.08 - December 8, 2010

Add one missing Finger Diagram Image for h6mt (Finger diagram open open closed open open open).

Version 1.09 - October 8, 2011

Add Six Hole Thumb (Thumb plus five hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open), Seven Hole 34 (Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed open open open open), Seven Hole 43 (Bawu finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open), Seven Hole T33 (Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open), and Eight Hole 44 (Eight hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open open) fonts.

Version 1.10 - October 9, 2011

Added four finger diagrams to Six Hole fonts to accomodate the new Mode 2/5 chart <xxo|oxo, <xoo|oxo, <oxo|oxo, and <ooo|oxo.

Version 1.11 - October 11, 2011

Added 10 horizontal finger diagram images for the Seven-hole T33 font, such as Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open.

Added the NAFTracks Recorder font for Baroque / English recorders based on [Dolmetsch 2001] Baroque / English Recorder Fingering Chart.

Version 1.12 - released February 11, 2012

October 14, 2011

Added the <hxxx|xox! finger diagram to the Seven-hole T33 font to get a quarter-tone in the upper register - used for scoring Hon Shirabe.

Provided several more finger diagram images for the Seven-hole T33 font.

Update the Recorder font to add <oooo|oooo — needed for the Blank Tablature pages.

February 12, 2012

Add <ooo|oox to the Six-hole fonts as requested by Hal Kacanek.

Add 18 new diagrams to the Yuma Four-Hole to support the Breckenridge flute fingerings.

Add 54 additional finger diagram images.

Version 1.13 - released November 26, 2012

The start of a major release cycle spurred by suggestions from Scott Scheiman (aka “NAF Lover”) as well as pending requests from others. This initial test release affects only the six-hole, five-hole, and Hopi five-hole fonts. Also, the only finger diagram images that have been updated are for medium-sized, vertical, six-hole, white-background variant. If things go well, the changes will be propoagated across the font series.

Major change in the six-hole and Hopi five-hole fonts: the “convenience” five-hole characters in the six-hole font and the “convenience” four-hole characters in the Hopi five-hole font have been removed. This was needed to get more font space without having to expand the font beyond an 8-bit encoding space. I am thinking that it is doubtful that anyone used these features - if you did and do not wish to use the appropriate font for the deleted characters, you'll need to use a font prior to this release. This change will propagate to the other fonts in the future, including the six-hole inverted and six-hole-to-diatonic fonts.

Change the format for half-holing to a more readable “pac-man” style. Examples are: from Finger diagram half-closed closed closed closed closed closed to Finger diagram half-closed closed closed closed closed closed for the SNAFT "h" (half), from Finger diagram cracked closed closed closed closed closed to Finger diagram cracked closed closed closed closed closed for the SNAFT "c" (cracked), and from Finger diagram one-quarter-closed closed closed closed closed closed to Finger diagram one-quarter-closed closed closed closed closed closed for the SNAFT "q" (quarter-closed).

Add <xxx|xxc to the six-hole, five-hole, and Hopi five-hole fonts.

Add a blank finger diagram – Blank finger diagram – for use when indicating a special case or a “no fingering” situation.

Version 1.14 - released December 2, 2012

Refinement of indicators for half-hole, quater-hole, and "cracked"-hole, based on tests by Scott Scheiman (aka “NAF Lover”). Modification of all fonts for the new style of those indicators.

Addition of a full set of "trill" fonts, such as Finger diagram closed closed closed closed closed trill, including unusual trills appropriate to the Native American flute, such as the bark: Finger diagram closed closed closed trill trill trill .

Addition of many finger diagrams to the Seven Hole T33 (Seven hole finger diagram closed closed closed closed open open open) for Steve Petermann flutes, including fingerings to support quarter-tone charts.

 


Download

Here is a link to a ZIP file that contains all the needed TTF font files, Font Key PDF files, and JPG image files. Please remember that any document (printed, electronic, or otherwise) that makes use of any of these fonts must carry the inscription:

Finger diagrams courtesy of Clint Goss, www.NAFTracks.com

«Download the Current Version of the ZIP File - Version 1.14»

Older Versions

ZIP File Version 1.02

ZIP File Version 1.03

ZIP File Version 1.04

ZIP File Version 1.05

ZIP File Version 1.06

ZIP File Version 1.07

ZIP File Version 1.09

ZIP File Version 1.10

ZIP File Version 1.11

ZIP File Version 1.12 (last version with the “convenience” five-hole characters in the six-hole font and the “convenience” four-hole characters in the Hopi five-hole font).

ZIP File Version 1.13

 

 
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